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European Parliament’s digital glossary

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European Parliament digital terminology, used during sessions:

  • Big data

Large volumes of data that can, for instance, include purchase transaction records or GPS signals. The Commission believes there are a number of important issues to be resolved when it comes to big data, such as determining ownership and protecting people’s personal data.

  • Cloud computing

Data that is used, stored and processed on remotely located computers accessed over the internet. While benefits include convenience and often lower costs for consumers, risks could include sensitive data falling into the wrong hands.

  • E-commerce

Trading goods over the internet. According to the Commission, only 15% of consumers shop online with a trader based in another EU country as delivery costs prove to be a challenge.

  • Geo-blocking

The practice by some companies to unnecessarily stop consumers from using their on-line service in another country, often without justification, and to redirect traffic to a local store with different prices and products than those in other countries.

During the July plenary MEPs set out their position on copyright reform, calling for ways to improve access to online content across borders, while recognising the importance of territorial licences, especially for TV and film productions.

  • Net neutrality

The principle that internet service providers should treat all online content, sites and platforms equally, for instance without blocking or slowing down on purpose competing websites or services.

Parliament and the Council reached an informal deal on the telecom package in June, which includes guaranteeing net neutrality.

  • Roaming

The ability to stay connected with a mobile device to make phone calls and to send and receive data when outside your network, most commonly when in a foreign country.

Under the provisional deal on telecom package agreed in June, roaming fees on mobile calls, text messages and data usage will be banned from 15 June 2017.

Source: EP

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